Jewish Bible and Halachic Studies using Linear Translations
by Yona Newman © 2000-2014

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Friday, August 29, 2014
The parsha this Shabbat is Shoftim.

The Halacha corner - Blowing the shofar
The sounds of the Shofar are as follows:
The ''Teruah'' is 9 short sounds
The ''Shevorim'' is made up from 3 Shevorim, one after the other, each ''Shevor'' should be, in duration, like three short sounds of ''Teruah'', making the ''Shevorim'' the same duration as the 9 sounds of the ''Teruah''.
One should be very careful not to extend the duration of the ''Shevorim'' until each ''Shevor'' is like the 9 short sounds of the ''Teruah'' in duration, because in this case, even after the event, the Mitzvah of Shofar blowing was not carried out.
The sounds of the Shofar are all simple, and in the sequence ''Tekiah-Shevorim-Teruah-Tekiah'' each ''Tekiah'' should be like the duration of the ''Shevorim'' with the ''Teruah'', namely, 18 sounds.
In the sequence ''Tekiah-Shevorim-Tekiah'' each ''Tekiah'' should be like the duration of the ''Shevorim'' namely, 9 sounds.
Similarly, in the sequence ''Tekiah-Teruah-Tekiah'' during the Shofar blowing before the Additional service, one should sound the ''Shevorim'' with the ''Teruah'' in one breath, and so the announcer of the notes should also say them as one, "Shevorim-Teruah''.
In the Shofar blowing during the repetition of the Amidah, they should be sounded as in two breaths, but in any event, one should not make a break between them, rather follow one after the other in succession, the announcer of the notes should also read the two together.
The nine notes take up about 3-4 seconds, and the 18 about 7-8 seconds.

The wellsprings of the Torah - מעינה של תורה
By Alexander Zusha Friedman - 1897-1943
Devarim - Shoftim 16:20 צדק צדק תרדף
"Justice, justice shall you (surely) follow"
You shall surely pursue justice by just means,
the methods you use to pursue your goals must be just -
which is not the case with the gentiles, who say the ends justify the means - המטרה מקדש את האמצעים
Rabbi Simcha Bunim Bonhart of Peshischa (1765 - 1827CE)

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The linear translation of Genesis includes the text and commentaries such as Rashi.
The Kitzur Shulchan Aruch is a concise version of the laws that govern the day to day life of a religious jew.

My translation into English is a Linear one, that is I try to keep to the Hebrew text order and phrasing, because my objective is to help people who want to learn in Hebrew, even though this sometimes makes the English less flowing.

Explanations on the methods used in the translations and graphics presentations, what to do if you don't see the Ivrit (Hebrew) text correctly, some suggestions for how best to learn using this material, and how to get in touch with me for more help or to give your comments or criticism - Help

Sources and references used for the Hebrew and English texts - Sources

Genesis Linear Translation
Go to the Genesis Index page and choose a chapter or Portion (Parasha), and also the text type:

  • English Main Text (Hebrew "pop-up" text) - under "English"
  • Printer friendly version - under "English/Hebrew"
  • Hebrew Main Text (English "pop-up" text) - "עברית "
  • PDF versions of the Printer friendly files (No Hebrew fonts needed at all) - click on the Heb/English PDF Files icon.
  • Portion (the weekly portion read from the Torah) - under "Portion" - this jumps to the appropriate chapter and verse of the English Main Text page or " פרשה" for the Hebrew Main Text page.

Kitzur Shulchan Aruch Linear Translation
Go to the Kitzur Index Part 1 for Chapters 1-97 or Kitzur Index Part 2 for Chapters 98-221

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